I don't think workers will be replaced by robots anytime soon. However, I do think that the nature of work will change in the years to come. Easier tasks will be outsourced to technology. Human workers will do tasks that are difficult to automate, like tasks that involve problem solving, critical thinking, and collaboration. So, somewhat counter-intuitively, technological progress will increase, not decrease, the mental demands of work. Against the background of this societal development, I study how people carry out mental work. I especially focus on how rewards affect effort, performance, and mental fatigue.
I do studies in the laboratory (aiming for precision) and in the field (aiming for real-life relevance). I consistently use Open Science practices. I try to collaborate accross disciplines (e.g., here and here). I teach psychology (BSc, MSc) and behavioral science (MSc) at Radboud University, where I am an Associate Professor. I am also an Associate Editor at Motivation & Emotion.
Dora, J., van Hooff, M. L., Geurts, S. A., Kompier, M. A., & Bijleveld, E. (2022). The effect of opportunity costs on mental fatigue in labor/leisure trade-offs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. pdf osf
ten Broeke, P., Olthof, M., Beckers, D.G.J., Hopkins, N.D., Graves, L.E.F., Carter, S.E., Cochrane, M., Gavin, D., Morris, A.S., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A.S., Geurts, S.A.E., Thijssen, D.H.J., Bijleveld, E. (2020). Temporal dynamics of sitting behavior at work. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117, 14883–14889. pdf osf
Algermissen, J., Bijleveld, E., Jostmann, N.B., & Holland, R.W. (2019). Explore or reset? Pupil diameter transiently increases in self-chosen switches between cognitive labor and leisure in either direction. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 19, 1113–1128. pdf osf
Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., Van der Stigchel, S., Aarts, H., Pas, P., & Vink, M. (2014). Distinct neural responses to conscious vs. unconscious monetary reward cues. Human Brain Mapping, 35, 5578–5586. pdf osf
Bijleveld, E. & Aarts (2014). The psychological science of money. Edited volume. Springer. link
Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2012). Adaptive reward pursuit: How effort requirements modulate unconscious reward responses and conscious reward decisions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141, 728–742. pdf
Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2011). When favourites fail: Tournament trophies as reward cues in tennis finals. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29, 1463–1470. pdf
For readers who understand Dutch: I co-wrote a book (2021) titled "Sanctions for citizens: A useful tool for behavioral change?". It is aimed at policy makers and government employees. The book is Open Access and it is available here.
In addition, I regularly give talks and lectures (on the effects of incentives on mind and behavior) aimed at professionals. Please email me for more information.
Behavioural Science Institute
P.O. Box 9104
Maria Montessori Building, 4th floor
Thomas van Aquinostraat 4